Siva and Parvati
Shiva ( Sanskrit: शिव Śiva, meaning "auspicious one")
is a major Vedic deity, and is the Destroyer or Transformer among the Trimurti, the divine Trinity. Shiva is a yogi with great power, he lives a life of a sage at Mount Kailash. Shiva has five important works: creator, preserver, destroyer, concealer, and revealer (to bless).
Shiva is usually worshipped in the abstract form of Shiva linga. In images, he is represented as immersed in deep meditation or dancing the Tandava dance upon Apasmara, the demon of ignorance in his manifestation of Nataraja, the Lord of the dance.
Nataraj - Shiva as Nataraja Lord of Dance. His association with dance and also with music is prominent in the Puranic period. The two most common forms of the dance are the Tandava and dance as Kala-Mahakala associated with the destruction of the world.
Shiva has a Trident in the right lower arm, with a crescent moon on his head.
Shiva is often depicted with a third eye.
Shiva smears his body with ashes.
Shiva's distinctive hair style - Jaṭin, the one with matted hair.
Blue throat - Nīlakaṇtha refers to a story in which Shiva drank the poison churned up from the world ocean.
The Ganges river flows from the matted hair of Shiva.
He is often shown seated upon a tiger skin.
Shiva is often shown garlanded with a snake.
Shiva's particular weapon is the trident– Trisul.
A small drum shaped like an hourglass is known as a damaru.
Lord Siva rides on the bull – Nandi
Mount Kailash in the Himalayas is his traditional abode.
Goddess Parvati is the divine consort of Lord Shiva, the trinity god. Parvati is also considered as a representation of Shakti or Durga, but the gentle aspect of that goddess not the fierce one. Maa Parvati is beautifully presented in literature as being beautiful, as a mediator in the conflicts of heaven, as a daughter of the Great Himalayan Mountain sand as the divine sister of Goddess Ganga.
She is not different from Satī, being the reincarnation of Shiva's first wife. Parvati is the mother of the demigods Ganesha and Skanda (Kartikeya). She is also regarded as the daughter of the Himavat. Parvati, when depicted alongside Shiva, generally appears with two arms, but when alone, she is shown having four or eight arms, and astride a tiger or lion. Generally considered a benevolent goddess, Parvati also has wrathful incarnations, such as Durga, Kali, Shitala Devi, Tara and Chandi.
Main forms of Parvati
Goddess Parvati is one who is source of all forms of goddesses. Her different mood brings different forms or incarnation.
- Durga is demon fighting form of this Goddess, and some texts suggest Parvati took the form of Goddess Durga to kill Demon Durgam.
- Kali is another aspect in ferocious form. Kālī is the goddess associated with empowerment, shakti. The name Kali comes from kāla, which means black, time, death, lord of death, Shiva. Kali means "the black one". Although sometimes presented as dark and violent. Kālī is represented as the consort of Lord Shiva, on whose body she is often seen standing.
- Goddess Chandi is the epithet of Maa Durga, who is created by the collection of all demigods and trimurti power, and then considered as power of sagun parashakti (Parvati), She is black in color and rides on lion, she is known as the original slayer of Demon Mahishasura, Considered as a form taken by Durga herself.