Siddavatam Fort – Witness to 700 Years of History


By Sainath Reddy - 23.10 2018

Siddavatam Fort is a 684 years old River side fortress located in Sidhout Village, Kadapa district of Andra Pradesh in South India. It is also known as “Gateway Of Srisailam” or “Dakshina Kashi”. This fort has vast history and struggle for protecting its culture and social values from local and foreign invaders.

This fort was built by Matti Raja’s in the year 1303 A.D of Tuluva dynasty. Matti Raja’s were the Nayakar’s under Vijayanagar dynasty. Fort is built on the banks of Penna river. This fort was gifted by Vijayanagar emperor Araveeeti Venkatapathi Rayulu II in 1605 to Yellamaraju , for the victory in Utukuru war. The fort here was much developed under the rule of king Varadha Raju, who is the son-in-law of Sri Krishna Deva Raya.

Later this fort came under the control of Mayana Nawabs of Kadapa in 17th Century. Hyder Ali, the then Mysore king, captured the fort during 1779 – 1780 A.D. In the year 1792 this fort came under the control of Nizams of Hyderabad, who captured this fort from Tippu Sultan of Mysore.

In the year 1800, British took over the fort from Hyderabad Nawab’s. This is a defensive fort which was under the British East India Company (BEIC) for more than 150 years in their control. East India company made this as their capital to run their adminsitration. From 1807-1812 Sidhout was the district headquarters for Kadapa district. later administration was moved to Kadapa as this place will be isolated whenever Penna river floods.This popular fort was under taken by Archaeology Department of India in 1956.

Once this fort went under the Nizam rule, they built lot of Islamic Structures and Mosques in side the fort.

You can find a life size Nandi deity with severed head in the fort, which is probably done in their era.

This fort extends over an area of 30 acres (12 ha). Visitors can view gateways and decorated pillars at the two ends of the fort. It is noteworthy that the 17 bastions which once used to protect the region are still visible in the fort. The fort houses an ancillary passage which allows the visitors to gain access even after the closure of the main gates. It is considered as the gateway to Dakshina Kashi. The temples present inside its premise include the Ranganatha Swamy Temple, Siddheswara Temple, Durga Temple and the Bala Brahma Temple.

These are the best stone carved temples found here. Many of its pillars are made of single stone. The roofs of these temples are covered with stone slabs. Its god and goddess sculptures are made of single stone carving, which are very beautifully made.

Inside this fort are has many complexes.  The main structure of this first structure is totally built of granite stones.

The name of this fort has historic significance. It is also called as the Siddhout area. Since this region had many Siddhas, who were yogic peoples known for their natural remedies with herbs. These Siddhas used to sit on a round platform built around the banyan trees. Hence this place was called as Siddhavata in the medieval Era when the Udayagiri Kingdom ruled here. This fort saw much local aggression with the Reddiyars and the Vijaya Nagara kingdom over centuries.

While Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is on his South Indian tour, he visited this place this we can find in  Caitanya Caritamrta as below.

Nrisimha dekhiya tnare koila nati stuti
Siddha Bat gela jnaha Murti Sitapati

Once patronized by kings of 18 dynasties and having more than 120 temples, this place is on the brink of vanishing. Now it has turned in to a refuge for unscrupulous elements.

It is so unfortunate that this place where religious fever was at its peak once upon a time. But now they have all become a pile of debris.