Sama Veda


Sama Veda, (Sanskrit: सामवेदः, sāmaveda, from sāman "melody" and veda "knowledge"), is the third of the four Vedas, the ancient core vedic scriptures, along with the Rig Veda, Yajurveda, and Atharva Veda. It ranks next in sanctity and liturgical importance to the Rigveda. It consists of a collection (samhita) of hymns, portions of hymns, and detached verses, all but 75 taken from the Sakala Sakha of the Rigveda, the other 75 belong to the Bashkala Sakha, to be sung, using specifically indicated melodies called Samagana (Sāmagān is purpose of creation of Samaveda), by Udgatar priests at sacrifices in which the juice of the Soma plant (conjectured as Ephedra sinica), clarified and mixed with milk and other ingredients, is offered in libation to various deities.