Vidyapati (1352 – 1448), also known by the sobriquet Maithil Kavi Kokil (the poet cuckoo of Maithili) was a Maithili poet and a Sanskrit writer. He was born in the village Bisfi in Madhubani district of Mithila Region of India and died in the in Janakpur Metropolitan of Mithila Region of Nepal in exile.[5] He was son of Ganapati. The name Vidyapati is derived from two Sanskritwords, Vidya (knowledge) and Pati (master), connoting thereby, a man of knowledge.

Vidyapati's poetry was widely influential in centuries to come, in the Hindustani as well as Bengali, Maithili, less actively Nepali language and other Eastern literary traditions. Indeed, the language at the time of Vidyapati, the prakrit-derived lateabahatta, had just began to transition into early versions of the Eastern languages, Maithili, Nepali Bengali, Oriya, etc

The love songs of Vidyapati, which describe the sensuous love story of Radha and Krishna, follow a long line of Vaishnav love poetry, popular in Eastern India, Southern Nepal include much celebrated poetry such as Jayadeva's Gita Govinda of the 12th century.