The Visaya

BY: CAITANYA DAS - 1.7 2020

When the conditioned soul tries to become the visaya, his false life becomes a huge juggling act, as objects of his delight and pleasure that he "loves", only because they give his conditioned senses pleasure, are temporarily awarded to him by the Lord of the senses, Hrsikesa. In no time at all the beloved attractions become objects of hatred or distress as his senses are starved of their objects, or the objects disappear, or turn nasty because they were fooling him or using him for their own pleasure with no real concern or loyalty toward the supposed beloved.

Our Acaryas and Krishna make it clear, Krishna is the true and absolute visaya. All His multitude of energies are in the position of ashraya, the enjoyed. Spiritual knowledge encompasses this all important truth, the desire to be the beloved of Krishna, as an object of delight for Him, this is called devotion, making Krishna the only object of love and serving others who have the same intention. The origins of this most complete state in dedicated service is Srimati Radharani; Her Love of God knows no limits. Love is, after all, an action word, with unlimited emotions and states of consciousness and activities... not at all an impersonal affair.

The topic of the lover and beloved is very extensively dealt with by Srila Jiva Goswami in his Priti Sandharba, by comparing the conditioned souls and their likes and objects of the senses as the ashraya and visaya, the ashraya objects interact by karma in conditioned life causing a huge range of temporary emotional experiences that bring pleasure and pain to the false visaya. Thus in the perverse state the conditioned soul become the visaya and his object of enjoyment becomes the ashraya. Whatever or whoever it may be, he loves the object because he is falsely thinking they will bring his material senses happiness.

One can understand in a spiritual realm Krishna's position as the Absolute Vishaya is fully played out. Everyone in the spiritual planets and everything brings transcendental joy to Krishna's immaculate transcendental senses, as opposed to our foolish attempt to enjoy in which 99.9999999 ad infinitum % of the world and its beings and energies are working independently from us and not at all in sync with us, and in real terms completely against our wishes or desires for pleasure. The spiritual dynamic and truth of Krishna as the only purusha or Supreme enjoyer as the visaya is made clear in the Bhagavatam 5.18.19 and in Srila Prabhupada's writing:

"My dear Lord, You are certainly the fully independent master of all the senses. Therefore all women who worship You by strictly observing vows because they wish to acquire a husband to satisfy their senses are surely under illusion. They do not know that such a husband cannot actually give protection to them or their children. Nor can he protect their wealth or duration of life, for he himself is dependent on time, fruitive results and the modes of nature, which are all subordinate to You.

In this verse, Lakṣmīdevī (Ramā) shows compassion toward women who worship the Lord for the benediction of possessing a good husband. Although such women desire to be happy with children, wealth, a long duration of life and everything dear to them, they cannot possibly do so. In the material world, a so-called husband is dependent on the control of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. There are many examples of a woman whose husband, being dependent on the result of his own fruitive actions, cannot maintain his wife, her children, her wealth or her duration of life. Therefore, factually the only real husband of all women is Kṛṣṇa, the supreme husband. Because the gopīs were liberated souls, they understood this fact. Therefore they rejected their material husbands and accepted Kṛṣṇa as their real husband. Kṛṣṇa is the real husband not only of the gopīs, but of every living entity. Everyone should perfectly understand that Kṛṣṇa is the real husband of all living entities, who are described in the Bhagavad-gītā as prakṛti (female), not puruṣa (male). In Bhagavad-gītā (10.12), only Kṛṣṇa is addressed as puruṣa:

paraṁ brahma paraṁ dhāma
pavitraṁ paramaṁ bhavān
puruṣaṁ śāśvataṁ divyam
ādi-devam ajaṁ vibhum

"You are the Supreme Brahman, the ultimate, the supreme abode and purifier, the Absolute Truth and the eternal divine person. You are the primal God, transcendental and original, and You are the unborn and all-pervading beauty."

Kṛṣṇa is the original puruṣa, and the living entities are prakṛti. Thus Kṛṣṇa is the enjoyer, and all living entities are meant to be enjoyed by Him. Therefore any woman who seeks a material husband for her protection, or any man who desires to become the husband of a woman, is under illusion. To become a husband means to maintain a wife and children nicely by supplying wealth and security. However, a material husband cannot possibly do this, for he is dependent on his karma. Karmaṇā-daiva-netreṇa: his circumstances are determined by his past fruitive activities. Therefore if one proudly thinks he can protect his wife, he is under illusion. Kṛṣṇa is the only husband, and therefore the relationship between a husband and wife in this material world cannot be absolute. Because we have the desire to marry, Kṛṣṇa mercifully allows the so-called husband to possess a wife, and the wife to possess a so-called husband, for mutual satisfaction. In the Īśopaniṣad it is said, tena tyaktena bhuñjīthā: the Lord provides everyone with his quota. Actually, however, every living entity is prakṛti, or female, and Kṛṣṇa is the only husband.

ekale īśvara kṛṣṇa, āra saba bhṛtya
yāre yaiche nācāya, se taiche kare nṛtya
(Cc. Ādi 5.142)

Kṛṣṇa is the original master or husband of everyone, and all other living entities, having taken the form of so-called husbands, or wives, are dancing according to His desire. A so-called husband may unite with his wife for sense gratification, but his senses are conducted by Hṛṣīkeśa, the master of the senses, who is therefore the actual husband."

Recognition that trying to find happiness outside of Krishna is really not possible is the first part of knowledge, Srila Sanatana Goswamis question to Mahaprabhu was Why am I suffering? The intelligent person being inspired by Krishna becomes convinced of his predicament,and cultivates knowledge of the science of consciousness and has no problems in accepting logically that he is under control of forces beyond his comprehension but at the same time sees this phenomenon is an orderly force, and with rational thinking and the help of other rational thinkers concludes such arrangements are intelligent arrangements, and begins to seek that intelligence, understanding intelligence must mean a personality."